Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major – Museum of the Treasure of the Liberian Basilica and Archaeological Site

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The Museum is open every day including Sundays and holidays from 9:30 to 18:30.

The present Basilica dates back to the fifth century AD. Its construction was tied to the Council of Ephesus of 431 AD, which proclaimed Mary Theotokos, Mother of God. Crossing the threshold, one is overwhelmed by the vision of vast space, splendid marbles, and marvellous decoration.

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The Museum was inaugurated by Pope Saint John Paul II on December 8, 2001, the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception.  Arranged in eight rooms, the most precious objects belonging to the Basilica are displayed. In the Museum is displayed the Nativity Scene by Arnolfo di Cambio.

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The Loggia situated on the southeast of the Basilica, this magnificent work of Ferdinando Fuga (1741) rests on the thirteenth century mosaics of the ancient façade. The portico has five arches on the lower level and three in the upper loggia. As precious gems the mosaics relate the origins of the Basilica.

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19.06.2014 Corriere della Sera (ed._Roma) p.03
Mosaici, domus e un enigma: al via le visite serali

20.06.2014 Il Messaggero (ed nazionale) p.50
Itinerari - I segreti della Basilica del Papa

19.06.2014 Il Tempo (ed. Roma) p. 67

L'enigma "magico" nella Basilica del Papa

The Hall of the popes was realized by Paul V in the first years of his pontificate (1605-1621).  The Procession of St. Charles Borromeo, a venerable work of Domenico Maria Muratori (1662-1749), adorns the hall’s principal wall above the marble fireplace.

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In the archaeological site located below the Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major, it is possible to view some of the very interesting finds, which include a rare frescoed calendar with scenes of agricultural work (end of the 2nd century AD), the ruins of a Roman domus,

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L’oro nei secoli dalla Collezione Castellani

In the exhibit set in the basilica of Saint Francis in Arezzo is displayed the chalice made by Fortunato Pio Castellani in 1854, realized with gold and gems. The chalice belongs to the Museum of the Liberian Basilica.
Duration of the exhibit: April 16th – November 2nd 2014


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